TEST (or testing)
1. Test and experiment form parts of the scientific method, to verify or falsify an expectation with an observation.
2. Quality control testing, in manufacturing, a procedure designed to test the functionality of a product under potentially harmful conditions
“Be realistic – demand the impossible!” – Soyez réalistes, demandez l’impossible! – Anonymous graffiti, Paris 1968
COLLAGE (From the French, coller, to stick) is regarded as a work of visual arts made from an assemblage of different forms, thus creating a new whole. This technique made its first appearance in the early 20th century as a groundbreaking novelty, however with the passing of time it’s become ubiquitous.
DISTINCTION BETWEEN EVALUATION AND ASSESSMENT
In the field of evaluation, there is some degree of disagreement in the distinctions often made between the terms ‘evaluation’ and ‘assessment.’ Some practitioners would consider these terms to be interchangeable, while others contend that evaluation is broader than assessment and involves making judgments about the merit or worth of something (an evaluand) or someone (an evaluee). When such a distinction is made, ‘assessment’ is said to primarily involve characterizations – objective descriptions, while ‘evaluation’ is said to involve characterizations and appraisals – determinations of merit and/or worth. Merit involves judgments about generalized value. Worth involves judgments about instrumental value. For example, a history and a mathematics teacher may have equal merit in terms of mastery of their respective disciplines, but the math teacher may have greater worth because of the higher demand and lower supply of qualified mathematics teachers. A further degree of complexity is introduced to this argument when working in different languages, where the terms ‘evaluation’ and ‘assessment’ may be variously translated, with terms being used that convey differing connotations related to conducting characterizations and appraisals.
“I take my desires for reality because I believe in the reality of my desires” – Anonymous graffiti, Paris, 1968
“Beneath the paving stones – the beach!” – Sous les pavés, la plage! – Anonymous graffiti, Paris 1968
A RESULT is the final consequence of a sequence of actions or events (broadly incidents and accidents) expressed qualitatively or quantitatively, being a loss, injury, disadvantage, advantage, gain, victory or simply a value. There may be a range of possible outcomes associated with an event possibly depending on the point of view, historical distance or relevance.